Motion, Bowel Motions, Stool, Stools)
matter from digested food that is passed out of the bowel through the rectum
rare disease that causes lots of benign polyps (small growths that are
not cancerous) to grow in the bowel. People with FAP have an increased
risk of getting bowel cancer.
of the medical complaints in relatives to see whether any diseases run
in the family.
and Progesterone. Sex Hormones found in women which control fertility and
ability to have children.
an abnormally high body temperature. Usually taken to mean a temperature
above 38oC or 98.4oF.
lump found in the breast which is not cancer.
increase in amount of fibrous tissue. Occurs as a side effect of radiotherapy.
Makes the affected tissue less stretchy.
(Fine Needle, FNA)
of biopsy where a very thin needle is put into a breast lump and a sample
of fluid and cells sucked out. The cells are looked at under a microscope
to see if they are cancerous.
proportion (percentage) of people with a particular type of cancer who
are still alive 5 years after the cancer was first diagnosed.
Fluorouracil, 5-FU, 5FU)
tablet. Stops the testicles from producing testosterone (the male sex hormone).
used to treat bowel cancer. It is actually a vitamin. It is given along
with 5-Fluorouracil (chemotherapy) after surgery because it is thought
that it may increase the effectiveness of the chemotherapy. See Fluorouracil.
of lymphoma. The lymphocytes appear large under the microscope and are
grouped together. This is an intermediate grade lymphoma. See Follicular
of lymphoma. There are both small and large lymphocytes and they are grouped
together. This is a low grade type of lymphoma. See Follicular
of lymphoma. The lymphocytes appear small under the microscope and are
partly split (cleaved). They are grouped together rather than spread out.
This is a low grade type of lymphoma. See Follicular Type, Grade:
to type of lymphoma. Lymphoma can be diffuse or follicular (sometimes called
nodular). Under the microscope, the cells appear grouped together. In diffuse
type they are more spread out. Follicular lymphomas are usually B cell
lymphomas. See B
Cell Lymphoma, Diffuse
appointment to monitor progress after treatment.
record of what you have eaten and drunk and when. You also record any digestion
problems such as pain or wind when they occur. The diary is kept over several
days. The aim is to find out which foods or drinks are upsetting your digestion.
(Build Up, Complan, High Calorie Drinks)
nutrition (food) usually in the form of high energy and high protein drinks.
These are available on prescription or can be bought from your chemist.
There are a number of different brands, for example Build Up, Complan and
used to treat breast cancer. Hormone treatment which stops oestrogen being
produced. See also Aromatase
reduce side effects, the total radiotherapy dose is divided into a number
of smaller daily doses called fractions. So a fraction is one radiotherapy
treatment in a course.
or crack in a bone.